You have to go back to a time when architects and engineers were considered one and the same. With technological development, people began to have higher expectations of what a building can achieve.
Machines, cars, chemical compounds, finished materials, electrical and electronic equipment, and medical breakthroughs are all the result of the work of engineers. Architects design buildings and structures for residential and commercial applications. They construct with the emphasis on designing a building in such a way that it fulfils its function.
Architecture combines all aspects of construction and design of building, including mechanical, electrical and structural drawings, calculations and other precision mathematical concepts. Architecture is a combination of art and science to design and build buildings. Architecture relies more on art than on science, and you have to be knowledgeable about building methods and materials to be able to work effectively.
Most courses of study in civil engineering are engineering courses that focus on natural sciences, mathematics and engineering. The architecture courses are designed to introduce students of civil engineering to the graphic and verbal language of architecture and the process of architecture design. You will find that architectural engineers use more technology in their field, but architecture is rooted in artistic expression.
In countries where architecture practice includes the planning, design and supervision of buildings and structures, the architectural profession and those providing architectural services are called architectural engineering. Architects and architectural engineers work together, but have different roles in construction projects. Architectural engineers work for engineering companies or construction companies while architectural firms apply engineering to design and construction of buildings.
Many architects also specialise in sub-areas such as landscape planning or interior design for certain types of buildings. In Japan, a first-class architect carries the dual role of architect and civil engineer in the service of licensed structural design, which he (Gou Zao She Ji Yi Jian Zhu Shi) must perform for buildings of a certain size.
Like engineers, architects receive different degrees from universities and take different professional examinations in order to obtain a license. To become a licensed architect, you must pass the Architect Approval Exam.
The main difference between an architect and an engineer is that the former focuses on the art of building while the latter focuses more on the technical and structural side of the building. Engineers require a professional engineering license, depending on their specialization. Those with a bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering or a master’s degree in Civil Engineering are better prepared to work on buildings of structural importance.
The architects aim to make the building aesthetically pleasing, while the engineers ensure that the building is functional and safe. An architectural engineer designs the sanitary, fire protection, electrical, heating and cooling systems, while an architect creates the layout. An architect designs the structure taking into account the needs and requirements of the client.
In other words, the architect takes care of what the building looks like, while the engineer takes care of how it works. External repair projects are carried out by both the engineer and the architect, depending on training and experience. This is a widely held view that architects care more about the design, style and appearance of a building, while engineers care more about the minute details of how a building works – not only the board, but also many of the public.
If you consider a career in design and construction of buildings, you may be thinking about working in architecture or engineering. However, engineers and architects do not earn degrees in roofing or concrete repairs or in finding the source of leaks. Engineers and architects have a general knowledge of roof systems, building construction and building materials, but not all work with them.
Architecture and engineering both have the potential to lead to rewarding careers, but they have different responsibilities and requirements for each career path. There are no more or less to one program than to another, just different types of design. Architecture is much more than studio lessons, design drawings, sketches and all that in between.
An engineer who designs and develops a building or structure is known as a civil engineer. Architects meet with clients to understand what they are looking for and to provide cost and construction time estimates. Many architects monitor the construction process and drive to the construction site to assess progress.
Architects are construction and design professionals who are responsible for drawing up plans and designs for buildings, including apartments, corporate offices and industrial buildings. Many architects use advanced software such as computer-aided design programs (CADD) to create drawings of their proposed structures. Architectural engineers are at the forefront of the 21st century’s several important challenges from reducing greenhouse gas emissions to building resilient buildings.
Copyright (c) 2006 Microsoft Corporation, One Microsoft Way, Redmond, WA 98052-6399, USA Architects and engineers work together to design and build infrastructure. Together with this practical activity, the students act as architects and engineers in the planning and construction of a small car park.
Engineers and architects are an integral part of the planning and construction of structures such as buildings and bridges. Due to the technical connection, the responsibilities of engineers and architects overlap. Each person has the task of designing the mechanical and structural systems of the building and to overcome the challenges that arise in the electrical and lighting systems of the buildings.
This type of career tends to appeal to people who have strong scientific and mathematical skills and are interested in building processes. There are many differences between the two courses, which means that one course is likely to be more attractive to individual students than the other. Students who opt for a lengthy co-op program may take longer to complete their education and have six months to one year more work experience under their belt.